Jean Sammet was born in New York, New York, in 1928. She holds a B.A. in mathematics from Mount Holyoke College (1948), an M.A., also in mathematics, from the University of Illinois (1949), and an honorary doctorate from Mount Holyoke College (1978).
Sammet started work in the computer field at Sperry Gyroscope in 1955 and supervised the company’s first scientific programming group. She also taught graduate courses in programming at Adelphi College from 1956 to 1958.
From 1958 to 1961, she worked at Sylvania Electric Products and managed the basic software development for MOBIDIC, a computer built for the Army Signal Corps. From 1959 to 1961, she served as a key member of the committee that developed COBOL, which became the standard programming language for business applications around the world.
Sammet joined IBM in 1961 and directed the development of FORMAC, a widely used programming language and system for symbolic mathematics. In 1965, she became programming language technology manager in the IBM systems development division and later led IBM’s work on the Ada programming language.
She was president of the ACM from 1972 to 1974 and is a world authority on the history of programming languages. Among other honors, she is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering (1977).
"Einar Wegener, a Danish painter, who had been married for years, recently underwent an operation at the hands of Professor Doctor Warnekross, well-known Dresden gynecologist. The operation resulted in the changing of the man into a woman. He—or rather she—adapted the name Lili Elbe. The marriage was declared void. It is also said that the man-woman has given up the profession as a painter. Above may be seen the former Einar Wegener, now Lili Elbe."
"Miss Mauria Ju is China’s only woman flier. She learned the game from American fliers and will soon return to the United States to observe progress made in aeronautics."
~From The Breckenridge Daily American (Breckenridge, Tex), June 25, 1922
Unfortunately I’ve been unable to find any other references to her so far. If you know anything about her, please share!
"The ambitions and daring of young China are personified in Miss Yarlock Lowe, daughter of the Dragon land, and a law student at the University of California. She is soon to return to China as its first woman barrister. Undaunted by the fear that feminism is too revolutionary for the new republic, Miss Lowe is willing to run the gauntlet of disapproval in order to advance the day of the Oriental woman’s participation in public affairs."
~From The day book. (Chicago, Ill.), 26 Feb. 1914. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Lib. of Congress.